Ceramic: the pottery art
(in Greek: keramos - the loam)
The ceramic history is very ancient, and principally four types of ceramics are differentiated:
- the terracota (baked clay), the majolique, the faience and the porcelain.
The faience manufacture secret which is principally some cooked loam covered with an enamel, were already known by the artisans of Ancient Egypt, then was "re-invented" in the III-IVth century by the Chineses.
From the 6é century, Chinese had improved techniques, changed subjects, made miscellany once again, and that's how they discovered the porcelain.
Meanwhile, in medieval Europe, dishes and kitchen utensils were principally fabricated in faience.
Different materials were used: some white loam, some white sand and some rocks crushed crystals.
Objects were painted, cooked, then they were covered with an enamel layer and they were cooked last time.
From his trips in China, Marco Polo brought back utensils made with a new material, the porcelain, this noble material with much more defecated qualities.
That's how in the XVIIIth century, the secret of the porcelain, known for a long time by the Chinese artisans, was "rediscovered" by the European.
Since, the European masters-artisans created their own china varieties and using all possibilities of this material, they created splendid objects among which some became of true masterpieces.
At present, the ceramic objects as art-works, Imagination witnesses and trade know-how are colectionned.